Legislative Service Commission
126th General Assembly
The Ohio Incident-Based Reporting System
The bill requires the Office of Criminal Justice Services to develop and maintain the Ohio Incident-Based Reporting System, to be known as "OIBRS." The purpose of OIBRS is to facilitate the sharing of information with the FBI and participating law enforcement agencies in Ohio. (R.C. 181.52(B)(16) and (C).)
In connection with OIBRS, the bill requires the Office of Criminal Justice Services to do all of the following (R.C. 181.52(C)):
(1) Collect and organize data for reporting to the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System (see COMMENT);
(2) Analyze and highlight mapping data for participating law enforcement agencies;
(3) Distribute data and analyses to participating law enforcement agencies;
(4) Encourage nonparticipating law enforcement agencies to participate in OIBRS by offering demonstrations, training, and technical assistance;
(5) Help develop the Ohio law enforcement information sharing initiative in cooperation with the Department of Public Safety, the Attorney General, the Ohio Association of Chiefs of Police, and the Buckeye State Sheriff's Association and, upon request of the Governor, administer within the state any other information sharing programs related to OIBRS;
(6) Provide assistance, advice, and reports requested by the Governor, the General Assembly, or the FBI;
(7) Require every law enforcement agency that receives federal criminal justice grants or state criminal justice information system general revenue funds through the Office to participate in OIBRS or in the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program (see COMMENT).
The bill specifies that its provisions described above do not limit the discretion or authority of the Attorney General with respect to crime victim assistance and criminal justice programs. It also expands the existing provision that states that nothing in R.C. 181.52 is intended to diminish or alter the status of the office of the Attorney General as a criminal justice services agency so that the provision also specifies that nothing in the section is intended to diminish or alter the status or discourage the development and use of other law enforcement information systems in Ohio. (R.C. 181.52(E) and (F).)
According to the FBI's website, the Uniform Crime Reporting Program is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of more than 17,000 city, county, and state law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on crimes brought to their attention. The Program's primary objective is to generate reliable information for use in law enforcement administration, operation, and management. Traditionally, the reports that have been generated through the Program are summary reports that include information such as the number of offenses and clearance rates.
The National Incident-Based Reporting System is a newer system that collects data on each single incident and arrest within specified crime categories from participating states. While both systems are currently in operation, it is the intent that eventually the National Incident-Based Reporting System will replace the traditional summary reporting system. (See National Incident-Based Reporting System, Volume 1: Data Collection guidelines, available at http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/nibrs/manuals/v1all.pdf.)