130th Ohio General Assembly
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As Introduced

123rd General Assembly
Regular Session
1999-2000
S. B. No. 161

SENATOR GARDNER


A BILL
To amend sections 3334.01, 3334.02, 3334.08, 3334.10, 3334.12, 3334.15, and 5747.01 and to enact sections 3334.18, 3334.19, 3334.20, 3334.21, and 5747.70 of the Revised Code to authorize the Ohio tuition trust authority to establish a variable college savings program.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF OHIO:


Section 1. That sections 3334.01, 3334.02, 3334.08, 3334.10, 3334.12, 3334.15, and 5747.01 be amended and sections 3334.18, 3334.19, 3334.20, 3334.21, and 5747.70 of the Revised Code be enacted to read as follows:

Sec. 3334.01. As used in this chapter:

(A) "Aggregate original principal amount" means the aggregate of the initial offering prices to the public of college savings bonds, exclusive of accrued interest, if any. "Aggregate original principal amount" does not mean the aggregate accreted amount payable at maturity or redemption of such bonds.

(B) "Beneficiary" means an:

(1) AN individual designated by the purchaser under a tuition payment contract or through a scholarship program as the individual on whose behalf tuition credits purchased under the contract or awarded through the scholarship program will be applied toward the payment of undergraduate, graduate, or professional tuition; OR

(2) AN INDIVIDUAL DESIGNATED BY THE CONTRIBUTOR UNDER A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT AS THE INDIVIDUAL WHOSE TUITION AND OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES WILL BE PAID FROM A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNT.

(C) "Capital appreciation bond" means a bond for which the following is true:

(1) The principal amount is less than the amount payable at maturity or early redemption; and

(2) No interest is payable on a current basis.

(D) "Tuition credit" means a credit of the Ohio tuition trust authority purchased under section 3334.09 of the Revised Code.

(E) "College savings bonds" means revenue and other obligations issued on behalf of the state or any agency or issuing authority thereof as a zero-coupon or capital appreciation bond, and designated as college savings bonds as provided in this chapter. "College savings bond issue" means any issue of bonds of which any part has been designated as college savings bonds.

(F) "Institution of higher education" means a state institution of higher education, a private college, university, or other postsecondary institution located in this state that possesses a certificate of authorization issued by the Ohio board of regents pursuant to Chapter 1713. of the Revised Code or a certificate of registration issued by the state board of proprietary school registration under Chapter 3332. of the Revised Code, or an accredited college, university, or other postsecondary institution located outside this state that is accredited by an accrediting organization or professional association recognized by the authority. To be considered an institution of higher education, an institution shall meet the definition of an eligible educational institution under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(G) "Issuing authority" means any authority, commission, body, agency, or individual empowered by the Ohio Constitution or the Revised Code to issue bonds or any other debt obligation of the state or any agency or department thereof. "Issuer" means the issuing authority or, if so designated under division (B) of section 3334.04 of the Revised Code, the treasurer of state.

(H) "Tuition" means the charges imposed to attend an institution of higher education as an undergraduate, graduate, or professional student and all fees required as a condition of enrollment, as determined by the Ohio tuition trust authority. "Tuition" does not include fees charged to out-of-state residents by state institutions of higher education, laboratory fees, room and board, or other similar fees and charges.

(I) "Weighted average tuition" means the tuition cost resulting from the following calculation:

(1) Add the products of the annual undergraduate tuition at each four-year state university multiplied by that institution's total number of undergraduate fiscal year equated students; and

(2) Divide the gross total of the products from division (J)(I)(1) of this section by the total number of undergraduate fiscal year equated students attending four-year state universities.

(J) "Zero-coupon bond" means a bond which has a stated interest rate of zero per cent and on which no interest is payable until the maturity or early redemption of the bond, and is offered at a substantial discount from its original stated principal amount.

(K) "State institution of higher education" includes the state universities listed in section 3345.011 of the Revised Code, community colleges created pursuant to Chapter 3354. of the Revised Code, university branches created pursuant to Chapter 3355. of the Revised Code, technical colleges created pursuant to Chapter 3357. of the Revised Code, state community colleges created pursuant to Chapter 3358. of the Revised Code, the medical college of Ohio at Toledo, and the northeastern Ohio universities college of medicine.

(L) "Four-year state university" means those state universities listed in section 3345.011 of the Revised Code.

(M) "Principal amount" refers to the initial offering price to the public of an obligation, exclusive of the accrued interest, if any. "Principal amount" does not refer to the aggregate accreted amount payable at maturity or redemption of an obligation.

(N) "Scholarship program" means a program registered with the Ohio tuition trust authority pursuant to section 3334.18 3334.17 of the Revised Code.

(O) "Internal Revenue Code" means the "Internal Revenue Code of 1986," 100 Stat. 2085, 26 U.S.C.A. 1 et seq., as amended.

(P) "Other higher education expenses" means room and board and books, supplies, equipment, and nontuition-related fees associated with the cost of attendance of a beneficiary at an institution of higher education, but only to the extent that such expenses meet the definition of "qualified higher education expenses" under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code. "Other higher education expenses" does not include tuition as defined in division (H) of this section.

(Q) "Purchaser" means the person signing the tuition payment contract, who controls the account and acquires tuition credits for an account under the terms and conditions of the contract.

(R) "CONTRIBUTOR" MEANS A PERSON WHO SIGNS A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT WITH THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY AND CONTRIBUTES TO AND OWNS THE ACCOUNT CREATED UNDER THE CONTRACT.

Sec. 3334.02. (A) In order to help make higher education affordable and accessible to all citizens of Ohio, to maintain state institutions of higher education by helping to provide a stable financial base to these institutions, to provide the citizens of Ohio with financing assistance for higher education and protection against rising tuition costs, to encourage saving to enhance the ability of citizens of Ohio to obtain financial access to institutions of higher education, to encourage elementary and secondary students in this state to achieve academic excellence, and to promote a well-educated and financially secure population to the ultimate benefit of all citizens of the state of Ohio, there is hereby created the Ohio college savings program. The program shall consist of the issuance of college savings bonds and the sale of tuition credits and, if offered, supplemental credits.

(B) The provisions of Chapter 1707. of the Revised Code shall not apply to tuition credits or any agreement or transaction related thereto.

(C) TO PROVIDE THE CITIZENS OF OHIO WITH A CHOICE OF TAX-ADVANTAGED COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAMS AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO PARTICIPATE IN MORE THAN ONE TYPE OF COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM AT A TIME, THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY MAY ESTABLISH AND ADMINISTER A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM AS A QUALIFIED STATE TUITION PROGRAM UNDER SECTION 529 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE. THE PROGRAM, IF ESTABLISHED, SHALL ALLOW CONTRIBUTORS TO MAKE CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNTS CREATED FOR THE PURPOSE OF PAYING FUTURE TUITION AND OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES AND PROVIDING VARIABLE RATES OF RETURN ON CONTRIBUTIONS.

(D) IF A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM IS ESTABLISHED, A PERSON MAY PARTICIPATE SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH THE OHIO COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM AND THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM.

Sec. 3334.08. (A) In addition to any other powers conferred by this chapter, the Ohio tuition trust authority may do any of the following:

(1) Impose reasonable residency requirements for beneficiaries of tuition credits;

(2) Impose reasonable limits on the number of tuition credit participants;

(3) Impose and collect administrative fees and charges in connection with any transaction under this chapter;

(4) Purchase insurance from insurers licensed to do business in this state providing for coverage against any loss in connection with the authority's property, assets, or activities or to further ensure the value of tuition credits;

(5) Indemnify or purchase policies of insurance on behalf of members, officers, and employees of the authority from insurers licensed to do business in this state providing for coverage for any liability incurred in connection with any civil action, demand, or claim against a director, officer, or employee by reason of an act or omission by the director, officer, or employee that was not manifestly outside the scope of the employment or official duties of the director, officer, or employee or with malicious purpose, in bad faith, or in a wanton or reckless manner;

(6) Make, execute, and deliver contracts, conveyances, and other instruments necessary to the exercise and discharge of the powers and duties of the authority;

(7) Promote, advertise, and publicize the college savings program AND THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM;

(8) Adopt rules under section 111.15 of the Revised Code for the implementation of the college savings program AND THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM;

(9) Contract, for the provision of all or part of the services necessary for the management and operation of the college savings program AND THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM, with a bank, trust company, savings and loan association, insurance company, or licensed dealer in securities if the bank, company, association, or dealer is authorized to do business in this state and information about the contract is filed with the controlling board pursuant to division (D)(6) of section 127.16 of the Revised Code;

(10) Contract for other services, or for goods, needed by the authority in the conduct of its business, including but not limited to credit card services;

(11) Employ an executive director and other personnel as necessary to carry out its responsibilities under this chapter, and fix the compensation of these persons. All employees of the authority shall be in the unclassified civil service and shall be eligible for membership in the public employees retirement system.

(12) Contract with financial consultants, actuaries, auditors, and other consultants as necessary to carry out its responsibilities under this chapter;

(13) Enter into agreements with any agency of the state or its political subdivisions or with private employers under which an employee may agree to have a designated amount deducted in each payroll period from the wages or salary due the employee for the purpose of purchasing tuition credits pursuant to a tuition payment contract OR MAKING CONTRIBUTIONS PURSUANT TO A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT;

(14) Enter into an agreement with the treasurer of state under which the treasurer of state will receive, and credit to the Ohio tuition trust fund OR VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM FUND, from any bank or savings and loan association authorized to do business in this state, amounts that a depositor of the bank or association authorizes the bank or association to withdraw periodically from the depositor's account for the purpose of purchasing tuition credits pursuant to a tuition payment contract OR MAKING CONTRIBUTIONS PURSUANT TO A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT;

(15) Solicit and accept gifts, grants, and loans from any person or governmental agency and participate in any governmental program;

(16) Impose limits on the number of credits which may be purchased on behalf of or assigned or awarded to any beneficiary AND ON THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF CONTRIBUTIONS THAT MAY BE MADE ON BEHALF OF A BENEFICIARY;

(17) Impose restrictions on the substitution of another individual for the original beneficiary;

(18) Impose a limit on the age of a beneficiary, above which tuition credits may not be purchased OR CONTRIBUTIONS MADE on behalf of that beneficiary;

(19) Enter into a cooperative agreement with the treasurer of state to provide for the direct disbursement of payments under tuition payment OR VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM contracts;

(20) Determine the other higher education expenses for which tuition credits OR CONTRIBUTIONS may be used;

(21) Terminate any prepaid tuition OR VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM contract if no purchases OR CONTRIBUTIONS are made for a period of three years or more and there are fewer than a total of five tuition units or tuition credits OR LESS THAN A DOLLAR AMOUNT SET BY RULE on account, provided that notice of a possible termination shall be provided in advance, explaining any options to prevent termination, and a reasonable amount of time shall be provided within which to act to prevent a termination;

(22) Perform all acts necessary and proper to carry out the duties and responsibilities of the authority pursuant to this chapter.

(B) Except as otherwise specified in this chapter, the provisions of Chapters 123., 125., and 4117. of the Revised Code shall not apply to the authority. The department of administrative services shall, upon the request of the authority, act as the authority's agent for the purchase of equipment, supplies, insurance, or services, or the performance of administrative services pursuant to Chapter 125. of the Revised Code.

Sec. 3334.10. Divisions (A) and (B) of this section do not apply to scholarship programs established under section 3334.17 of the Revised Code.

(A) Unless otherwise provided for in the contract, a tuition payment OR VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM contract may be terminated by the purchaser OR CONTRIBUTOR under any of the following circumstances upon the written request of the purchaser OR CONTRIBUTOR to the authority:

(1) Upon the death or permanent disability of the beneficiary;

(2) Upon notification to the Ohio tuition trust authority in writing that the beneficiary is age eighteen or older, has decided not to attend an institution of higher education, and requests that the tuition payment contract be terminated;

(3) Upon the beneficiary's completion of the degree requirements at an institution of higher education;

(4) Upon the rollover of all contributions to AMOUNTS IN a tuition credit OR VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM account to the prepaid tuition plan of AN EQUIVALENT ACCOUNT IN another state;

(5) Upon the occurrence of other circumstances determined by the authority to be grounds for termination.

(B) The authority shall determine the method and schedule for payment of refunds upon termination of a tuition payment contract.

(1) In cases described by division (A)(2) or (3) of this section, the amount of the refund shall be equal to ninety-nine one-hundredths of NOT LESS THAN one per cent of the weighted average tuition in the academic year the contract REFUND is terminated PAID, multiplied by the number of tuition credits purchased and not used, minus any reasonable charges and fees provided for by the authority, or such other lesser sum as shall be determined by the authority but only to the extent that such a lesser sum is necessary to meet the refund penalty requirements for qualified state tuition programs under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) In cases described by division (A)(1) of this section, the amount of the refund shall be equal to the greater of the following:

(a) One per cent of the weighted average tuition in the academic year the contract is terminated, multiplied by the number of tuition credits purchased and not used;

(b) The total purchase price of all tuition credits purchased for the beneficiary and not used.

(3) In cases described by division (A)(5) of this section, the amount of the refund shall be either of the following as determined by the authority:

(a) The refund provided by division (B)(1) of this section;

(b) The refund provided by division (B)(2) of this section, or such other lesser sum as shall be determined by the authority but only to the extent that such a lesser sum is necessary to meet the refund penalty requirements for qualified state tuition programs under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(C) In the case of a scholarship program, a refund of tuition credits in the program's account may be made only for just cause with the approval of the authority. The refund shall be paid to the entity that established the scholarship program or, with that entity's approval, to the authority if this is authorized by federal tax law. The amount of any refund shall be determined by the authority and shall meet the requirements for refunds made on account of scholarships under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(D) If a beneficiary is awarded a scholarship other than under a scholarship program, a waiver of tuition, or similar subvention that the authority determines cannot be converted into money by the beneficiary, the authority shall, during each academic term that the beneficiary furnishes the authority such information about the scholarship, waiver, or similar subvention as the authority requires, refund to the person designated in the contract, or, in the case of a beneficiary under a scholarship program, to the beneficiary an amount equal to the value that the tuition credits OR CONTRIBUTIONS that are not needed on account of the scholarship, waiver, or similar subvention would otherwise have to the beneficiary that term at the institution of higher education where the beneficiary is enrolled. The authority may, at its sole option, designate the institution of higher education at which the beneficiary is enrolled as the agent of the authority for purposes of refunds pursuant to this division.

(E) If, in any academic term for which tuition credits have been used to pay all or part of a beneficiary's tuition, the beneficiary withdraws from the institution of higher education at which the beneficiary is enrolled prior to the end of the academic term, a pro rata share of any refund of tuition as a result of the withdrawal equal to that portion of the tuition paid with tuition credits shall be made to the authority, unless the authority designates a different procedure. The authority shall credit any refund received, less any reasonable charges and fees provided for by the authority, to the appropriate account established under division (F)(1) or (2) of section 3334.11 of the Revised Code.

(F)(1) A CONTRIBUTOR UNDER A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT MAY RECEIVE A REFUND OF THE PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTED, PLUS ACTUAL INVESTMENT EARNINGS OR MINUS ACTUAL INVESTMENT LOSSES, LESS ANY ADMINISTRATIVE FEES, AND LESS ANY AMOUNTS USED TO PROVIDE BENEFITS TO THE BENEFICIARY, IF THE CONTRACT IS TERMINATED FOR ANY OF THE REASONS SET FORTH IN DIVISION (A)(1) OR (A)(3) OF THIS SECTION.

(2) IF A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACT IS TERMINATED FOR ANY REASON OTHER THAN THOSE SET FORTH IN DIVISION (A)(1) OR (A)(3) OF THIS SECTION, THE CONTRIBUTOR MAY RECEIVE A REFUND OF THE PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTED, PLUS ACTUAL INVESTMENT EARNINGS OR MINUS ACTUAL INVESTMENT LOSSES, LESS ANY ADMINISTRATIVE FEES, LESS ANY AMOUNTS USED TO PROVIDE BENEFITS TO THE BENEFICIARY FUNDS, AND LESS A PENALTY OF TEN PER CENT OF THE EARNINGS OF THE ACCOUNT. EARNINGS SHALL BE CALCULATED AS THE TOTAL VALUE OF THE CONTRACT LESS THE AGGREGATE CONTRIBUTIONS, OR IN SUCH OTHER MANNER AS PRESCRIBED BY THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE.

Sec. 3334.12. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in sections 3334.07 and 3334.09 of the Revised Code:

(A) Annually, the Ohio tuition trust authority shall have the actuarial soundness of the Ohio tuition trust fund evaluated by a nationally recognized actuary and shall determine whether additional assets are necessary to defray the obligations of the authority. If, after the authority sets the price for tuition credits, circumstances arise that the executive director determines necessitate an additional evaluation of the actuarial soundness of the fund, the executive director shall have a nationally recognized actuary conduct the necessary evaluation. If the assets of the fund are insufficient to ensure the actuarial soundness of the fund, the authority shall adjust the price of subsequent purchases of tuition credits.

(B) Upon termination of the program or liquidation of the Ohio tuition trust fund, the Ohio tuition trust reserve fund, and the Ohio tuition trust operating fund, any remaining assets of the funds after all obligations of the funds have been satisfied pursuant to division (B) of section 3334.11 of the Revised Code shall be transferred to the general revenue fund of the state.

(C) The authority shall prepare and cause to have audited an annual financial report on all financial activity of the Ohio tuition trust authority within ninety days of the end of the fiscal year. The authority shall transmit a copy of the audited financial report to the governor, the president of the senate, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the minority leaders of the senate and the house of representatives. Copies of the audited financial report also shall be made available, upon request, to the persons entering into contracts with the authority and to prospective purchasers of tuition credits AND PROSPECTIVE CONTRIBUTORS TO VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNTS.

Sec. 3334.15. The right of a person to a tuition credit or a payment under section 3334.09 of the Revised Code pursuant to a tuition credit contract or scholarship program, OR MONEY PAID INTO OR OUT OF A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNT THAT HAS NOT BEEN TERMINATED, shall not be subject to execution, garnishment, attachment, the operation of bankruptcy or the insolvency laws, or other process of law.

Sec. 3334.18. (A) A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ESTABLISHED BY THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY SHALL INCLUDE PROVISIONS FOR A CONTRACT TO BE ENTERED INTO BETWEEN A CONTRIBUTOR AND THE AUTHORITY THAT WILL AUTHORIZE THE CONTRIBUTOR TO OPEN ACCOUNTS FOR ONE OR MORE BENEFICIARIES AND MAY AUTHORIZE THE CONTRIBUTOR TO SUBSTITUTE A NEW BENEFICIARY FOR ONE ORIGINALLY NAMED IN THE CONTRACT.

(B) THE AUTHORITY SHALL ENSURE, AS FAR AS PRACTICABLE, THAT TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS MADE TO VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNTS ON BEHALF OF A BENEFICIARY DO NOT EXCEED THE AMOUNT NECESSARY TO PROVIDE FOR THE TUITION AND OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES OF THE BENEFICIARY.

(C) PARTICIPATION IN THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM DOES NOT GUARANTEE THAT CONTRIBUTIONS AND THE INVESTMENT RETURN ON CONTRIBUTIONS, IF ANY, WILL BE ADEQUATE TO COVER FUTURE TUITION AND OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES OR THAT A BENEFICIARY WILL BE ADMITTED TO OR PERMITTED TO CONTINUE TO ATTEND AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION. THE STATE SHALL HAVE NO DEBT OR OBLIGATION TO ANY CONTRIBUTOR, BENEFICIARY, OR ANY OTHER PERSON AS A RESULT OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PROGRAM.

Sec. 3334.19. (A) IF THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY ESTABLISHES A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM, IT SHALL ADOPT AN INVESTMENT PLAN THAT SETS FORTH INVESTMENT POLICIES AND GUIDELINES TO BE UTILIZED IN ADMINISTERING THE PROGRAM. THE AUTHORITY MAY CONTRACT WITH ONE OR MORE INSURANCE COMPANIES, BANKS, OR OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO ACT AS ITS INVESTMENT AGENTS AND TO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES AS THE AUTHORITY CONSIDERS APPROPRIATE TO THE INVESTMENT PLAN, INCLUDING:

(1) THE PURCHASE, CONTROL, AND SAFEKEEPING OF ASSETS;

(2) RECORD KEEPING AND ACCOUNTING FOR INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS AND FOR THE PROGRAM AS A WHOLE;

(3) PREPARATION OF CONSOLIDATED BILLINGS AND STATEMENTS OF ACCOUNT.

(B) THE AUTHORITY OR ITS INVESTMENT AGENTS SHALL MAINTAIN A SEPARATE ACCOUNT FOR EACH BENEFICIARY OF A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNT. IF A BENEFICIARY HAS MORE THAN ONE SUCH ACCOUNT, THE AUTHORITY OR ITS AGENTS SHALL TRACK TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND EARNINGS AND PROVIDE A CONSOLIDATED SYSTEM OF ACCOUNT DISTRIBUTIONS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

(C) THE AUTHORITY OR ITS AGENTS MAY PLACE ASSETS OF THE PROGRAM IN SAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND MAY PURCHASE FIXED OR VARIABLE LIFE INSURANCE OR ANNUITY CONTRACTS, SECURITIES, EVIDENCE OF INDEBTEDNESS, OR OTHER INVESTMENT PRODUCTS PURSUANT TO THE INVESTMENT PLAN.

(D) CONTRIBUTORS MAY NOT INVEST DIRECTLY UNDER THE INVESTMENT PLAN.

(E) IF THE AUTHORITY DOES NOT CONTRACT WITH AN INVESTMENT AGENT TO INVEST VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM FUNDS, THE AUTHORITY SHALL BE THE TRUSTEE OF THE PROGRAM. IN SUCH EVENT, THE AUTHORITY SHALL RECEIVE AND HOLD ALL PAYMENTS, DEPOSITS, AND CONTRIBUTIONS, AS WELL AS GIFTS, BEQUESTS, ENDOWMENTS, AND FEDERAL, STATE, OR LOCAL GRANTS AND ANY FUNDS FROM ANY OTHER SOURCE, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE, AND ALL EARNINGS, UNTIL DISBURSED TO PAY TUITION OR OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES OR REFUNDS PURSUANT TO COLLEGE SAVINGS PLANS CONTRACTS. THE AUTHORITY SHALL KEEP SUCH FUNDS SEGREGATED FROM ALL OTHER ASSETS OF THE AUTHORITY.

(F) THE AUTHORITY AND ANY INVESTMENT AGENTS WITH WHICH IT CONTRACTS SHALL DISCHARGE THEIR DUTIES WITH RESPECT TO PROGRAM FUNDS WITH THE CARE AND DILIGENCE THAT A PRUDENT PERSON FAMILIAR WITH SUCH MATTERS AND WITH THE CHARACTER AND AIMS OF THE PROGRAM WOULD USE.

(G) THE ASSETS OF THE PROGRAM SHALL BE PRESERVED, INVESTED, AND EXPENDED SOLELY FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS CHAPTER AND SHALL NOT BE LOANED OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED OR USED BY THE STATE FOR ANY OTHER PURPOSE. THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE CONSTRUED TO PROHIBIT THE AUTHORITY OR ITS INVESTMENT AGENTS FROM INVESTING, BY PURCHASE OR OTHERWISE, IN BONDS, NOTES, OR OTHER OBLIGATIONS OF THE STATE OR ANY AGENCY OR INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE STATE. UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED BY THE AUTHORITY, ASSETS OF THE PROGRAM SHALL BE EXPENDED IN THE FOLLOWING ORDER OF PRIORITY:

(1) TO MAKE PAYMENTS ON BEHALF OF BENEFICIARIES;

(2) TO MAKE REFUNDS UPON TERMINATION OF VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CONTRACTS;

(3) TO PAY THE COSTS OF PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION AND OPERATIONS.

(H) NO RECORDS OF THE AUTHORITY INDICATING THE IDENTITY OF CONTRIBUTORS AND BENEFICIARIES UNDER THE PROGRAM OR AMOUNTS CONTRIBUTED TO, EARNED BY, OR DISTRIBUTED FROM PROGRAM ACCOUNTS ARE PUBLIC RECORDS WITHIN THE MEANING OF SECTION 149.43 of the Revised Code.

Sec. 3334.20. (A) THIS SECTION APPLIES ONLY IF THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY DOES NOT CONTRACT WITH AN INVESTMENT AGENT FOR THE PURPOSES SET FORTH IN SECTION 3334.19 OF THE REVISED CODE.

(B) THE ASSETS OF THE AUTHORITY RECEIVED UNDER THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM SHALL BE PLACED IN A FUND, WHICH IS HEREBY CREATED AND SHALL BE KNOWN AS THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM FUND. THE FUND SHALL BE IN THE CUSTODY OF THE TREASURER OF STATE, BUT SHALL NOT BE PART OF THE STATE TREASURY. ALL SUCH ASSETS AND THE INTEREST AND INVESTMENT INCOME EARNED BY THE FUND, AND ALL OTHER RECEIPTS OF THE AUTHORITY FROM ANY OTHER SOURCE THAT THE AUTHORITY DETERMINES APPROPRIATE, SHALL BE DEPOSITED IN THE FUND. NO CONTRIBUTOR OR BENEFICIARY UNDER THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM SHALL HAVE ANY CLAIM AGAINST THE FUNDS OF ANY STATE INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION. ALL INVESTMENT FEES AND OTHER COSTS INCURRED IN CONNECTION WITH THE EXERCISE OF THE INVESTMENT POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY PURSUANT TO DIVISIONS (D) AND (E) OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE PAID FROM THE ASSETS OF THE FUND.

(C)(1) EXCEPT AS MAY BE PROVIDED IN AN AGREEMENT UNDER DIVISION (A)(19) OF SECTION 3334.08 OF THE REVISED CODE, ALL DISBURSEMENTS FROM THE FUND SHALL BE MADE BY THE TREASURER OF STATE ON ORDER OF A DESIGNEE OF THE AUTHORITY.

(2) THE TREASURER OF STATE SHALL DEPOSIT ANY PORTION OF THE FUND NOT NEEDED FOR IMMEDIATE USE IN THE SAME MANNER AS STATE FUNDS ARE DEPOSITED.

(D) THE AUTHORITY IS THE TRUSTEE OF THE FUND. THE AUTHORITY SHALL HAVE FULL POWER TO INVEST THE ASSETS OF THE FUND AND IN EXERCISING THIS POWER SHALL BE SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS CONTAINED IN DIVISIONS (H) TO (J) OF THIS SECTION AND SECTIONS 145.112 AND 145.113 OF THE REVISED CODE. THE EVIDENCES OF TITLE TO ALL INVESTMENTS SHALL BE DELIVERED TO THE TREASURER OF STATE OR TO A QUALIFIED TRUSTEE DESIGNATED BY THE TREASURER OF STATE AS PROVIDED IN SECTION 135.18 OF THE REVISED CODE.

(E) THE PUBLIC EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BOARD SHALL, WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE AUTHORITY, EXERCISE THE INVESTMENT POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY AS SET FORTH IN DIVISION (D) OF THIS SECTION UNTIL THE AUTHORITY DETERMINES THAT ASSUMPTION AND EXERCISE BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE INVESTMENT POWERS IS FINANCIALLY AND ADMINISTRATIVELY FEASIBLE. THE INVESTMENT POWERS SHALL BE EXERCISED BY THE PUBLIC EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BOARD IN A MANNER AGREED UPON BY THE AUTHORITY THAT MAXIMIZES THE RETURN ON INVESTMENT AND MINIMIZES THE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.

(F) IN JANUARY OF EACH YEAR THE AUTHORITY SHALL REPORT TO EACH PERSON WHO RECEIVED ANY PAYMENTS OR REFUNDS FROM THE AUTHORITY DURING THE PRECEDING YEAR INFORMATION RELATIVE TO THE VALUE OF THE PAYMENTS OR REFUNDS TO ASSIST IN DETERMINING THAT PERSON'S TAX LIABILITY.

(G) THE AUTHORITY SHALL REPORT TO THE TAX COMMISSIONER ANY INFORMATION, AND AT THE TIMES, AS THE TAX COMMISSIONER REQUIRES TO DETERMINE ANY TAX LIABILITY THAT A PERSON MAY HAVE INCURRED DURING THE PRECEDING YEAR AS A RESULT OF HAVING RECEIVED ANY PAYMENTS OR REFUNDS FROM THE AUTHORITY.

(H) TO FACILITATE INVESTMENT OF THE FUNDS, THE AUTHORITY MAY ESTABLISH A PARTNERSHIP, TRUST, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, CORPORATION, INCLUDING A CORPORATION EXEMPT FROM TAXATION UNDER THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE, 100 STAT. 2085, 26 U.S.C. 1, AS AMENDED, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL ENTITY AUTHORIZED TO TRANSACT BUSINESS IN THIS STATE.

(I) IN EXERCISING ITS FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY WITH RESPECT TO THE INVESTMENT OF THE ASSETS OF THE FUND, IT SHALL BE THE INTENT OF THE AUTHORITY TO GIVE CONSIDERATION TO INVESTMENTS THAT ENHANCE THE GENERAL WELFARE OF THE STATE AND ITS CITIZENS WHERE THE INVESTMENTS OFFER QUALITY, RETURN, AND SAFETY COMPARABLE TO OTHER INVESTMENTS CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TO THE AUTHORITY. IN FULFILLING THIS INTENT, EQUAL CONSIDERATION SHALL ALSO BE GIVEN TO INVESTMENTS OTHERWISE QUALIFYING UNDER THIS SECTION THAT INVOLVE MINORITY OWNED AND CONTROLLED FIRMS AND FIRMS OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY WOMEN, EITHER ALONE OR IN JOINT VENTURE WITH OTHER FIRMS.

THE AUTHORITY SHALL ADOPT, IN REGULAR MEETING, POLICIES, OBJECTIVES, OR CRITERIA FOR THE OPERATION OF THE INVESTMENT PLAN THAT INCLUDE ASSET ALLOCATION TARGETS AND RANGES, RISK FACTORS, ASSET CLASS BENCHMARKS, TIME HORIZONS, TOTAL RETURN OBJECTIVES, AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION GUIDELINES. IN ADOPTING POLICIES AND CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF AGENTS WITH WHOM THE AUTHORITY MAY CONTRACT FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE ASSETS OF THE FUND, THE AUTHORITY SHALL GIVE EQUAL CONSIDERATION TO MINORITY OWNED AND CONTROLLED FIRMS, FIRMS OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY WOMEN, AND VENTURES INVOLVING MINORITY OWNED AND CONTROLLED FIRMS AND FIRMS OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY WOMEN THAT OTHERWISE MEET THE POLICIES AND CRITERIA ESTABLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY. AMENDMENTS AND ADDITIONS TO THE POLICIES AND CRITERIA SHALL BE ADOPTED IN REGULAR MEETING. THE AUTHORITY SHALL PUBLISH ITS POLICIES, OBJECTIVES, AND CRITERIA UNDER THIS PROVISION NO LESS OFTEN THAN ANNUALLY AND SHALL MAKE COPIES AVAILABLE TO INTERESTED PARTIES.

WHEN REPORTING ON THE PERFORMANCE OF INVESTMENTS, THE AUTHORITY SHALL COMPLY WITH THE PERFORMANCE PRESENTATION STANDARDS ESTABLISHED BY THE ASSOCIATION FOR INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH.

(J) ALL INVESTMENTS SHALL BE PURCHASED AT CURRENT MARKET PRICES AND THE EVIDENCES OF TITLE TO THE INVESTMENTS SHALL BE PLACED IN THE HANDS OF THE TREASURER OF STATE, WHO IS HEREBY DESIGNATED AS CUSTODIAN THEREOF, OR IN THE HANDS OF THE TREASURER OF STATE'S AUTHORIZED AGENT. THE TREASURER OF STATE OR THE AGENT SHALL COLLECT THE PRINCIPAL, DIVIDENDS, DISTRIBUTIONS, AND INTEREST THEREON AS THEY BECOME DUE AND PAYABLE AND PLACE THEM WHEN SO COLLECTED INTO THE CUSTODIAL FUND.

THE TREASURER OF STATE SHALL PAY FOR INVESTMENTS PURCHASED BY THE AUTHORITY ON RECEIPT OF WRITTEN OR ELECTRONIC INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE AUTHORITY OR THE AUTHORITY'S DESIGNATED AGENT AUTHORIZING THE PURCHASE AND PENDING RECEIPT OF THE EVIDENCE OF TITLE OF THE INVESTMENT BY THE TREASURER OF STATE OR THE TREASURER OF STATE'S AUTHORIZED AGENT. THE AUTHORITY MAY SELL INVESTMENTS HELD BY THE AUTHORITY, AND THE TREASURER OF STATE OR THE TREASURER OF STATE'S AUTHORIZED AGENT SHALL ACCEPT PAYMENT FROM THE PURCHASER AND DELIVER EVIDENCE OF TITLE OF THE INVESTMENT TO THE PURCHASER ON RECEIPT OF WRITTEN OR ELECTRONIC INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE AUTHORITY OR THE AUTHORITY'S DESIGNATED AGENT AUTHORIZING THE SALE, AND PENDING RECEIPT OF THE MONEYS FOR THE INVESTMENTS. THE AMOUNT RECEIVED SHALL BE PLACED IN THE CUSTODIAL FUND. THE AUTHORITY AND THE TREASURER OF STATE MAY ENTER INTO AGREEMENTS TO ESTABLISH PROCEDURES FOR THE PURCHASE AND SALE OF INVESTMENTS UNDER THIS DIVISION AND THE CUSTODY OF THE INVESTMENTS.

NO PURCHASE OR SALE OF ANY INVESTMENT SHALL BE MADE UNDER THIS SECTION EXCEPT AS AUTHORIZED BY THE AUTHORITY.

ANY STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION DISTRIBUTED BY THE AUTHORITY SHALL INCLUDE FAIR VALUE, AS OF THE STATEMENT DATE, OF ALL INVESTMENTS HELD BY THE AUTHORITY UNDER THIS SECTION.

Sec. 3334.21. THE VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM MAY BE TERMINATED BY STATUTE OR UPON THE DETERMINATION OF THE OHIO TUITION TRUST AUTHORITY THAT THE PROGRAM IS NOT FINANCIALLY FEASIBLE. UPON TERMINATION, ALL AMOUNTS HELD IN PROGRAM ACCOUNTS SHALL BE RETURNED TO ACCOUNT OWNERS, TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, AND ANY UNCLAIMED ASSETS IN THE PROGRAM SHALL BE TRANSFERRED TO THE UNCLAIMED FUNDS TRUST FUND AND DISPOSED OF IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 169.05 of the Revised Code.

Sec. 5747.01. Except as otherwise expressly provided or clearly appearing from the context, any term used in this chapter has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the Internal Revenue Code, and all other statutes of the United States relating to federal income taxes.

As used in this chapter:

(A) "Adjusted gross income" or "Ohio adjusted gross income" means adjusted gross income as defined and used in the Internal Revenue Code, adjusted as provided in divisions (A)(1) to (17) of this section:

(1) Add interest or dividends on obligations or securities of any state or of any political subdivision or authority of any state, other than this state and its subdivisions and authorities.

(2) Add interest or dividends on obligations of any authority, commission, instrumentality, territory, or possession of the United States that are exempt from federal income taxes but not from state income taxes.

(3) Deduct interest or dividends on obligations of the United States and its territories and possessions or of any authority, commission, or instrumentality of the United States to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income but exempt from state income taxes under the laws of the United States.

(4) Deduct disability and survivor's benefits to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income.

(5) Deduct benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income under section 86 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(6) Add, in the case of a taxpayer who is a beneficiary of a trust that makes an accumulation distribution as defined in section 665 of the Internal Revenue Code, the portion, if any, of such distribution that does not exceed the undistributed net income of the trust for the three taxable years preceding the taxable year in which the distribution is made. "Undistributed net income of a trust" means the taxable income of the trust increased by (a)(i) the additions to adjusted gross income required under division (A) of this section and (ii) the personal exemptions allowed to the trust pursuant to section 642(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, and decreased by (b)(i) the deductions to adjusted gross income required under division (A) of this section, (ii) the amount of federal income taxes attributable to such income, and (iii) the amount of taxable income that has been included in the adjusted gross income of a beneficiary by reason of a prior accumulation distribution. Any undistributed net income included in the adjusted gross income of a beneficiary shall reduce the undistributed net income of the trust commencing with the earliest years of the accumulation period.

(7) Deduct the amount of wages and salaries, if any, not otherwise allowable as a deduction but that would have been allowable as a deduction in computing federal adjusted gross income for the taxable year, had the targeted jobs credit allowed and determined under sections 38, 51, and 52 of the Internal Revenue Code not been in effect.

(8) Deduct any interest or interest equivalent on public obligations and purchase obligations to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income.

(9) Add any loss or deduct any gain resulting from the sale, exchange, or other disposition of public obligations to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income.

(10) Regarding tuition credits purchased under Chapter 3334. of the Revised Code:

(a) Deduct the following:

(i) For credits that as of the end of the taxable year have not been refunded pursuant to the termination of a tuition payment contract under section 3334.10 of the Revised Code, the amount of income related to the credits, to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income;

(ii) For credits that during the taxable year have been refunded pursuant to the termination of a tuition payment contract under section 3334.10 of the Revised Code, the excess of the total purchase price of the tuition credits refunded over the amount of refund, to the extent the amount of the excess was not deducted in determining federal adjusted gross income;

(b) Add the following:

(i) For credits that as of the end of the taxable year have not been refunded pursuant to the termination of a tuition payment contract under section 3334.10 of the Revised Code, the amount of loss related to the credits, to the extent the amount of the loss was deducted in determining federal adjusted gross income;

(ii) For credits that during the taxable year have been refunded pursuant to the termination of a tuition payment contract under section 3334.10 of the Revised Code, the excess of the amount of refund over the purchase price of each tuition credit refunded, to the extent not included in federal adjusted gross income.

(11) Deduct, in the case of a self-employed individual as defined in section 401(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code and to the extent not otherwise allowable as a deduction in computing federal adjusted gross income for the taxable year, the amount paid during the taxable year for insurance that constitutes medical care for the taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and dependents. No deduction under division (A)(11) of this section shall be allowed to any taxpayer who is eligible to participate in any subsidized health plan maintained by any employer of the taxpayer or of the spouse of the taxpayer. No deduction under division (A)(11) of this section shall be allowed to the extent that the sum of such deduction and any related deduction allowable in computing federal adjusted gross income for the taxable year exceeds the taxpayer's earned income, within the meaning of section 401(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, derived by the taxpayer from the trade or business with respect to which the plan providing the medical coverage is established.

(12) Deduct any amount included in federal adjusted gross income solely because the amount represents a reimbursement or refund of expenses that in a previous year the taxpayer had deducted as an itemized deduction pursuant to section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code and applicable United States department of the treasury regulations.

(13) Deduct any portion of the deduction described in section 1341(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, for repaying previously reported income received under a claim of right, that meets both of the following requirements:

(a) It is allowable for repayment of an item that was included in the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for a prior taxable year and did not qualify for a credit under division (A) or (B) of section 5747.05 of the Revised Code for that year;

(b) It does not otherwise reduce the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for the current or any other taxable year.

(14) Deduct an amount equal to the deposits made to, and net investment earnings of, a medical savings account during the taxable year, in accordance with section 3924.66 of the Revised Code. The deduction allowed by division (A)(14) of this section does not apply to medical savings account deposits and earnings otherwise deducted or excluded for the current or any other taxable year from the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income.

(15)(a) Add an amount equal to the funds withdrawn from a medical savings account during the taxable year, and the net investment earnings on those funds, when the funds withdrawn were used for any purpose other than to reimburse an account holder for, or to pay, eligible medical expenses, in accordance with section 3924.66 of the Revised Code;

(b) Add the amounts distributed from a medical savings account under division (A)(2) of section 3924.68 of the Revised Code during the taxable year.

(16) Add any amount claimed as a credit under section 5747.059 of the Revised Code to the extent that such amount satisfies either of the following:

(a) The amount was deducted or excluded from the computation of the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income as required to be reported for the taxpayer's taxable year under the Internal Revenue Code;

(b) The amount resulted in a reduction of the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income as required to be reported for any of the taxpayer's taxable years under the Internal Revenue Code.

(17) Deduct the amount contributed by the taxpayer to an individual development account program established by a county department of human services pursuant to sections 329.11 to 329.14 of the Revised Code for the purpose of matching funds deposited by program participants. On request of the tax commissioner, the taxpayer shall provide any information that, in the tax commissioner's opinion, is necessary to establish the amount deducted under division (A)(17) of this section.

(18) DEDUCT CONTRIBUTIONS TO VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNTS TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER DIVISION (B) OF SECTION 5747.70 of the Revised Code, AND TO THE EXTENT INCLUDED IN FEDERAL ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME.

(19) ADD AMOUNTS PREVIOUSLY EXEMPTED OR DEDUCTED UNDER SECTION 5747.70 of the Revised Code TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH AMOUNTS CONSTITUTE DISTRIBUTIONS OR REFUNDS DURING THE TAXABLE YEAR FROM VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNTS MADE FOR ANY REASON OTHER THAN PAYMENT OF TUITION OR OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES OR THE BENEFICIARY'S DEATH, DISABILITY, OR RECEIPT OF A SCHOLARSHIP.

(B) "Business income" means income arising from transactions, activities, and sources in the regular course of a trade or business and includes income from tangible and intangible property if the acquisition, rental, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the regular course of a trade or business operation.

(C) "Nonbusiness income" means all income other than business income and may include, but is not limited to, compensation, rents and royalties from real or tangible personal property, capital gains, interest, dividends and distributions, patent or copyright royalties, or lottery winnings, prizes, and awards.

(D) "Compensation" means any form of remuneration paid to an employee for personal services.

(E) "Fiduciary" means a guardian, trustee, executor, administrator, receiver, conservator, or any other person acting in any fiduciary capacity for any individual, trust, or estate.

(F) "Fiscal year" means an accounting period of twelve months ending on the last day of any month other than December.

(G) "Individual" means any natural person.

(H) "Internal Revenue Code" means the "Internal Revenue Code of 1986," 100 Stat. 2085, 26 U.S.C.A. 1, as amended.

(I) "Resident" means:

(1) An individual who is domiciled in this state, subject to section 5747.24 of the Revised Code;

(2) The estate of a decedent who at the time of death was domiciled in this state. The domicile tests of section 5747.24 of the Revised Code and any election under section 5747.25 of the Revised Code are not controlling for purposes of division (I)(2) of this section.

(J) "Nonresident" means an individual or estate that is not a resident. An individual who is a resident for only part of a taxable year is a nonresident for the remainder of that taxable year.

(K) "Pass-through entity" has the same meaning as in section 5733.04 of the Revised Code.

(L) "Return" means the notifications and reports required to be filed pursuant to this chapter for the purpose of reporting the tax due and includes declarations of estimated tax when so required.

(M) "Taxable year" means the calendar year or the taxpayer's fiscal year ending during the calendar year, or fractional part thereof, upon which the adjusted gross income is calculated pursuant to this chapter.

(N) "Taxpayer" means any person subject to the tax imposed by section 5747.02 of the Revised Code or any pass-through entity that makes the election under division (D) of section 5747.08 of the Revised Code.

(O) "Dependents" means dependents as defined in the Internal Revenue Code and as claimed in the taxpayer's federal income tax return for the taxable year or which the taxpayer would have been permitted to claim had the taxpayer filed a federal income tax return.

(P) "Principal county of employment" means, in the case of a nonresident, the county within the state in which a taxpayer performs services for an employer or, if those services are performed in more than one county, the county in which the major portion of the services are performed.

(Q) As used in sections 5747.50 to 5747.55 of the Revised Code:

(1) "Subdivision" means any county, municipal corporation, park district, or township.

(2) "Essential local government purposes" includes all functions that any subdivision is required by general law to exercise, including like functions that are exercised under a charter adopted pursuant to the Ohio Constitution.

(R) "Overpayment" means any amount already paid that exceeds the figure determined to be the correct amount of the tax.

(S) "Taxable income" applies to estates only and means taxable income as defined and used in the Internal Revenue Code adjusted as follows:

(1) Add interest or dividends on obligations or securities of any state or of any political subdivision or authority of any state, other than this state and its subdivisions and authorities;

(2) Add interest or dividends on obligations of any authority, commission, instrumentality, territory, or possession of the United States that are exempt from federal income taxes but not from state income taxes;

(3) Add the amount of personal exemption allowed to the estate pursuant to section 642(b) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(4) Deduct interest or dividends on obligations of the United States and its territories and possessions or of any authority, commission, or instrumentality of the United States that are exempt from state taxes under the laws of the United States;

(5) Deduct the amount of wages and salaries, if any, not otherwise allowable as a deduction but that would have been allowable as a deduction in computing federal taxable income for the taxable year, had the targeted jobs credit allowed under sections 38, 51, and 52 of the Internal Revenue Code not been in effect;

(6) Deduct any interest or interest equivalent on public obligations and purchase obligations to the extent included in federal taxable income;

(7) Add any loss or deduct any gain resulting from sale, exchange, or other disposition of public obligations to the extent included in federal taxable income;

(8) Except in the case of the final return of an estate, add any amount deducted by the taxpayer on both its Ohio estate tax return pursuant to section 5731.14 of the Revised Code, and on its federal income tax return in determining either federal adjusted gross income or federal taxable income;

(9) Deduct any amount included in federal taxable income solely because the amount represents a reimbursement or refund of expenses that in a previous year the decedent had deducted as an itemized deduction pursuant to section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code and applicable treasury regulations;

(10) Deduct any portion of the deduction described in section 1341(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, for repaying previously reported income received under a claim of right, that meets both of the following requirements:

(a) It is allowable for repayment of an item that was included in the taxpayer's taxable income or the decedent's adjusted gross income for a prior taxable year and did not qualify for a credit under division (A) or (B) of section 5747.05 of the Revised Code for that year.

(b) It does not otherwise reduce the taxpayer's taxable income or the decedent's adjusted gross income for the current or any other taxable year.

(11) Add any amount claimed as a credit under section 5747.059 of the Revised Code to the extent that the amount satisfies either of the following:

(a) The amount was deducted or excluded from the computation of the taxpayer's federal taxable income as required to be reported for the taxpayer's taxable year under the Internal Revenue Code;

(b) The amount resulted in a reduction in the taxpayer's federal taxable income as required to be reported for any of the taxpayer's taxable years under the Internal Revenue Code.

(T) "School district income" and "school district income tax" have the same meanings as in section 5748.01 of the Revised Code.

(U) As used in divisions (A)(8), (A)(9), (S)(6), and (S)(7) of this section, "public obligations," "purchase obligations," and "interest or interest equivalent" have the same meanings as in section 5709.76 of the Revised Code.

(V) "Limited liability company" means any limited liability company formed under Chapter 1705. of the Revised Code or under the laws of any other state.

(W) "Pass-through entity investor" means any person who, during any portion of a taxable year of a pass-through entity, is a partner, member, shareholder, or investor in that pass-through entity.

(X) "Banking day" has the same meaning as in section 1304.01 of the Revised Code.

(Y) "Month" means a calendar month.

(Z) "Quarter" means the first three months, the second three months, the third three months, or the last three months of the taxpayer's taxable year.

(AA) Any term used in this chapter that is not otherwise defined in this section and that is not used in a comparable context in the Internal Revenue Code and other statutes of the United States relating to federal income taxes has the same meaning as in section 5733.40 of the Revised Code.

Sec. 5747.70. (A) EARNINGS ON CONTRIBUTIONS MADE TO A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNT ESTABLISHED UNDER CHAPTER 3334. of the Revised Code ARE EXEMPT FROM OHIO STATE INCOME TAXATION.

(B) IN COMPUTING OHIO ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME, A DEDUCTION FROM FEDERAL ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME IS ALLOWED TO A CONTRIBUTOR FOR THE AMOUNT CONTRIBUTED DURING THE TAXABLE YEAR TO A VARIABLE COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM ACCOUNT AND TO A PURCHASER OF TUITION CREDITS UNDER THE OHIO COLLEGE SAVINGS PROGRAM CREATED BY CHAPTER 3334. of the Revised Code IF THE AMOUNTS OF SUCH CONTRIBUTIONS AND PURCHASES ARE NOT DEDUCTED ON THE CONTRIBUTOR'S FEDERAL INCOME TAX RETURN. THE COMBINED AMOUNT OF CONTRIBUTIONS AND PURCHASES DEDUCTED ON ANY INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX RETURN IN ANY TAXABLE YEAR IS LIMITED TO TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR EACH BENEFICIARY FOR WHOM CONTRIBUTIONS OR PURCHASES ARE MADE. THE DEDUCTION ALLOWED UNDER THIS SECTION IS NOT TRANSFERABLE. IF THE COMBINED ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND PURCHASES FOR A BENEFICIARY EXCEED TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS, THE EXCESS MAY BE CARRIED FORWARD AND SUBTRACTED IN FUTURE TAXABLE YEARS UNTIL THE CONTRIBUTIONS AND PURCHASES HAVE BEEN FULLY DEDUCTED.

(C) AMOUNTS EXEMPTED OR DEDUCTED UNDER THIS SECTION SHALL BE TAXED IN THE TAXABLE YEARS IN WHICH DISTRIBUTIONS OR REFUNDS ARE MADE FOR ANY REASON OTHER THAN PAYMENT OF TUITION OR OTHER HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENSES OR THE BENEFICIARY'S DEATH, DISABILITY, OR RECEIPT OF A SCHOLARSHIP.


Section 2. That existing sections 3334.01, 3334.02, 3334.08, 3334.10, 3334.12, 3334.15, and 5747.01 of the Revised Code are hereby repealed.
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