130th Ohio General Assembly
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S. B. No. 21  As Introduced
As Introduced

130th General Assembly
Regular Session
2013-2014
S. B. No. 21


Senator Lehner 



A BILL
To amend section 3313.608 of the Revised Code to revise the requirements for reading teachers under the Third-Grade Reading Guarantee.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF OHIO:
Section 1.  That section 3313.608 of the Revised Code be amended to read as follows:
Sec. 3313.608.  (A)(1) Beginning with students who enter third grade in the school year that starts July 1, 2009, and until June 30, 2013, for any student who attains a score in the range designated under division (A)(3) of section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code on the assessment prescribed under that section to measure skill in English language arts expected at the end of third grade, each school district, in accordance with the policy adopted under section 3313.609 of the Revised Code, shall do one of the following:
(a) Promote the student to fourth grade if the student's principal and reading teacher agree that other evaluations of the student's skill in reading demonstrate that the student is academically prepared to be promoted to fourth grade;
(b) Promote the student to fourth grade but provide the student with intensive intervention services in fourth grade;
(c) Retain the student in third grade.
(2) Beginning with students who enter third grade in the 2013-2014 school year, no school district shall promote to fourth grade any student who attains a score in the range designated under division (A)(3) of section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code on the assessment prescribed under that section to measure skill in English language arts expected at the end of third grade, unless one of the following applies:
(a) The student is a limited English proficient student who has been enrolled in United States schools for less than two full school years and has had less than two years of instruction in an English as a second language program.
(b) The student is a child with a disability entitled to special education and related services under Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code and the student's individualized education program exempts the student from retention under this division.
(c) The student demonstrates an acceptable level of performance on an alternative standardized reading assessment as determined by the department of education.
(d) All of the following apply:
(i) The student is a child with a disability entitled to special education and related services under Chapter 3323. of the Revised Code.
(ii) The student has taken the third grade English language arts achievement assessment prescribed under section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code.
(iii) The student's individualized education program or plan under section 504 of the "Rehabilitation Act of 1973," 87 Stat. 355, 29 U.S.C. 794, as amended, shows that the student has received intensive remediation in reading for two school years but still demonstrates a deficiency in reading.
(iv) The student previously was retained in any of grades kindergarten to three.
(e)(i) The student received intensive remediation for reading for two school years but still demonstrates a deficiency in reading and was previously retained in any of grades kindergarten to three.
(ii) A student who is promoted under division (A)(2)(e)(i) of this section shall continue to receive intensive reading instruction in grade four. The instruction shall include an altered instructional day that includes specialized diagnostic information and specific research-based reading strategies for the student that have been successful in improving reading among low-performing readers.
(B)(1) Beginning in the 2012-2013 school year, to assist students in meeting the third grade guarantee established by this section, each school district board of education shall adopt policies and procedures with which it annually shall assess the reading skills of each student enrolled in kindergarten to third grade by the thirtieth day of September and shall identify students who are reading below their grade level. Each district shall use the diagnostic assessment to measure reading ability for the appropriate grade level adopted under section 3301.079 of the Revised Code, or a comparable tool approved by the department of education, to identify such students. The policies and procedures shall require the students' classroom teachers to be involved in the assessment and the identification of students reading below grade level.
(2) For each student identified by the diagnostic assessment prescribed under this section as having reading skills below grade level, the district shall do both of the following:
(a) Provide to the student's parent or guardian, in writing, all of the following:
(i) Notification that the student has been identified as having a substantial deficiency in reading;
(ii) A description of the current services that are provided to the student;
(iii) A description of the proposed supplemental instructional services and supports that will be provided to the student that are designed to remediate the identified areas of reading deficiency;
(iv) Notification that if the student attains a score in the range designated under division (A)(3) of section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code on the assessment prescribed under that section to measure skill in English language arts expected at the end of third grade, the student shall be retained unless the student is exempt under division (A) of this section. The notification shall specify that the assessment under section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code is not the sole determinant of promotion and that additional evaluations and assessments are available to the student to assist parents and the district in knowing when a student is reading at or above grade level and ready for promotion.
(b) Provide intensive reading instruction services and regular diagnostic assessments to the student immediately following identification of a reading deficiency until the development of the reading improvement and monitoring plan required by division (C) of this section. These intervention services shall include research-based reading strategies that have been shown to be successful in improving reading among low-performing readers and instruction targeted at the student's identified reading deficiencies.
(3) For each student retained under division (A) of this section, the district shall do all of the following:
(a) Provide intense remediation services until the student is able to read at grade level. The remediation services shall include intensive interventions in reading that address the areas of deficiencies identified under this section including, but not limited to, not less than ninety minutes of reading instruction per day, and may include any of the following:
(i) Small group instruction;
(ii) Reduced teacher-student ratios;
(iii) More frequent progress monitoring;
(iv) Tutoring or mentoring;
(v) Transition classes containing third and fourth grade students;
(vi) Extended school day, week, or year;
(vii) Summer reading camps.
(b) Establish a policy for the mid-year promotion of a student retained under division (A) of this section who demonstrates that the student is reading at or above grade level;
(c) Provide each student with a teacher who satisfies one or more of the applicable criteria set forth in division (H) of this section.
The district shall offer the option for students to receive applicable services from one or more providers other than the district. Providers shall be screened and approved by the district or the department of education. If the student participates in the remediation services and demonstrates reading proficiency in accordance with standards adopted by the department prior to the start of fourth grade, the district shall promote the student to that grade.
(4) For each student retained under division (A) of this section who has demonstrated proficiency in a specific academic ability field, each district shall provide instruction commensurate with student achievement levels in that specific academic ability field.
As used in this division, "specific academic ability field" has the same meaning as in section 3324.01 of the Revised Code.
(C) For each student required to be provided intervention services under this section, the district shall develop a reading improvement and monitoring plan within sixty days after receiving the student's results on the diagnostic assessment or comparable tool administered under division (B)(1) of this section. The district shall involve the student's parent or guardian and classroom teacher in developing the plan. The plan shall include all of the following:
(1) Identification of the student's specific reading deficiencies;
(2) A description of the additional instructional services and support that will be provided to the student to remediate the identified reading deficiencies;
(3) Opportunities for the student's parent or guardian to be involved in the instructional services and support described in division (C)(2) of this section;
(4) A process for monitoring the extent to which the student receives the instructional services and support described in division (C)(2) of this section;
(5) A reading curriculum during regular school hours that does all of the following:
(a) Assists students to read at grade level;
(b) Provides scientifically based and reliable assessment;
(c) Provides initial and ongoing analysis of each student's reading progress.
(6) A statement that if the student attains a score in the range designated under division (A)(3) of section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code on the assessment prescribed under that section to measure skill in English language arts expected by the end of third grade, the student may be retained in third grade.
Each student with a reading improvement and monitoring plan under this division who enters third grade after July 1, 2013, shall be assigned to a teacher who satisfies one or more of the applicable criteria set forth in division (H) of this section.
The district shall report any information requested by the department about the reading improvement monitoring plans developed under this division in the manner required by the department.
(D) Each school district shall report annually to the department on its implementation and compliance with this section using guidelines prescribed by the superintendent of public instruction. The superintendent of public instruction annually shall report to the governor and general assembly the number and percentage of students in grades kindergarten through four reading below grade level based on the diagnostic assessments administered under division (B) of this section and the achievement assessments administered under divisions (A)(1)(a) and (b) of section 3301.0710 of the Revised Code in English language arts, aggregated by school district and building; the types of intervention services provided to students; and, if available, an evaluation of the efficacy of the intervention services provided.
(E) Any summer remediation services funded in whole or in part by the state and offered by school districts to students under this section shall meet the following conditions:
(1) The remediation methods are based on reliable educational research.
(2) The school districts conduct assessment before and after students participate in the program to facilitate monitoring results of the remediation services.
(3) The parents of participating students are involved in programming decisions.
(F) Any intervention or remediation services required by this section shall include intensive, explicit, and systematic instruction.
(G) This section does not create a new cause of action or a substantive legal right for any person.
(H)(1) Prior to July 1, 2014, each student described in division (B)(3) or (C) of this section who enters third grade for the first time on or after July 1, 2013, shall be assigned a teacher who has been actively engaged in the reading instruction of students for the previous three years and who satisfies one or more of the following criteria:
(a) The teacher holds a reading endorsement on the teacher's license and has attained a passing score on the corresponding assessment for that endorsement.
(b) The teacher has completed a master's degree program with a major in reading.
(c) The teacher has demonstrated evidence of a credential earned from a list of scientifically research-based reading instruction programs approved by the department.
(d) The teacher was rated "above value added," which means most effective in reading, as determined by the department, for the last two school years.
(2) Effective July 1, 2014, each student described in divisions (B)(3) and (C) of this section shall be assigned a teacher who has been actively engaged in the reading instruction of students for the previous three years and who satisfies one or more of the following criteria:
(a) The teacher holds a reading endorsement on the teacher's license and has attained a passing score on the corresponding assessment for that endorsement.
(b) The teacher has completed a master's degree program with a major in reading.
(c) The teacher was rated above "above value added," which means most effective for the last two school years.
(d) The teacher has earned a passing score on a rigorous test of principles of scientifically research-based reading instruction. This test shall be selected through a competitive bidding process and shall be approved by the state board.
(3) If, on the effective date of this amendment March 22, 2013, a school district or community school cannot furnish the number of teachers needed who satisfy one or more of the criteria set forth in division (H)(1) of this section, the school district or community school shall develop and submit a plan by June 30, 2013, in a manner determined by the department indicating the criteria that will be used to determine those teachers in the school district or community school who will teach and how the school district or community school will meet the requirements set forth in division (H)(2) of this section.
A school district or community school may include in this plan the option to contract with another school district or private provider that has been screened and approved by the department to provide intervention services. If the school district or community school's plan is not approved by the department by August 15, 2013, the school district or community school shall use a private contractor from a list approved by the department or contract with another district to provide intervention services for these students.
Section 2.  That existing section 3313.608 of the Revised Code is hereby repealed.
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